Not speaking for anyone else, but Galaga is the last game I'd call helpful for rage.
First 30 seconds or so here:
I needed that.
This is a great topic, btw. I won't even try to do mine in order, but here goes.
1. Borderlands - Loot. Shoot. Rinse. Repeat. 360 Gamertag: T0uchedByAnUncl
2. Fire Emblem -Recent addiction. Strategy game forces me to clear my head, I think. Plus, I know in advance I will usually be restarting battles several times as I like to mess around with the different characters and try to win each battle with no casualties.
3. Zoo Keeper - My go-to at GGA now. Fun game, and I love the sounds soooo much.
4. Random fighting game - There are so many at GGA, I just walk to one and start button mashing.
5. Mustache Boy